In this tutorial you can learn how to add metadata to files in LARM.fm.
By adding descriptive texts to the files, you do not only help yourself in navigating the material. You also help other users. The text you add will be accessible for all users.
You can add metadata to radio and TV programs on larm.fm in two ways: ether in the form of metadata to a full program, or in the form of annotations, referring to specific sequences of a program.
We will start with the metadata level:
All files in the LARM.fm archive have metadata that labels it with basic information, such as a title date of broadcast. Here is a TV program entitled “Begynderbønder” and in English “Beginner Farmers” from TV2 Free, broadcast on the 21th of August 2016 at 11.30 p.m. If I click on the file, I can see more information: a brief summary, a description, genre indication and more. This is the metadata with which the file was created, and it cannot be edited.
If I click on “TV LARM Metadata” I see the user-generated metadata attached to the file. Here, I can add supplementary information if I think that the original information is insufficient or wrong.
For example, I came across a radio program entitled “Lyd og Lys” or in English: “Sound and Light”. It turned out to be a version of Danish electroacoustic composer Else Marie Pade’s composition with that title. But the composers name is not mentioned in the original metadata. I have added a note identifying the work in the “Radio LARM Metadata”-sheet. You can add text by clicking the writing-icon, type into the text field, and then press “Save”, which is “Gem” in Danish.
Now this program appears in the list of results, when I search for “Else Marie Pade”, because I added her name to the metadata.
Free text searches include the user-generated text as well.
It is a good idea, when you have listened to or seen a program the first time, to note important subjects, contributors or other things in the LARM Metadata. This way, you not only help yourself, but also other users of LARM.fm.
That was the metadata level. Now on to the annotation level:
As a general rule annotations do not refer to full programs, but to a section or sequence of a program.
I navigate to another program with Else Marie Pade from the list of results: “Musik i Atomalderen” or in English “Music in the Atomic Age” from 1959. Here we see that Else Marie Pade takes part in the program along with three other people. I already made a coupe of annotations, marking the structure of the program. When I enter the annotations-sheet, I can see a list of all the annotations in the program.
Now I would like to mark and annotate Pades composition “Klumpedumpeland”. I start the program and move the curser to roughly where I expect the composition to begin. When it begins, I press the button “tilføj ny annotation”, in English “add new annotation”.
In the timeline I can see a graphic representation of the annotation, and bellow in the text field I can add a title and a description to the annotation. When the sequence that I want to annotate ends, I click the “slut” or “end”-icon. If needed I can adjust the time of start by using the “Start”-button – or by pulling the graphic representation in the timeline. Annotations can (also) be added by double clicking the timeline, or by clicking the blue button “tilføj ny annotation”, or “add new annotation”. In this case, the annotation will automatically be located at the beginning of the program.
Annotations can be played one by one by clicking the play-icon related to the annotation.
If you want to link directly to the annotated sequence, for instance during a presentation or as a reference in an assignment or an article, the link can be copied form the browsers address field when the annotation is selected and highlighted. If you copy the link to your browser, it will open LARM.fm, and go directly to the annotation and play it.
Annotations can be used as notes. It might be a good idea to add a few annotations to a program during the first playback. This provides you with an overview over the program, and helps you find your way back to interesting points later on.
In this radio program from 1931 for example, the annotations provide information that help us orientate in the many elements and sounds that occur.
An annotation can be looped. When I activate the loop-button, the annotation will play again and again. That can be useful if you need to listen closely to a sequence.
The annotation function does not yet function the same way for TV as for radio. If I go back to “Beginner Farmers”, you can see that annotations here are not related to sequences, but to the full programs. The same goes for the document data in LARM.
One last thing: remember that metadata can be added and corrected by all users of LARM. Therefore, please take care not to delete other users metadata by mistake, and consider if what you add yourself is meaningful for others. That said, don’t hold back: LARM.fm will become a better tool for everyone, if you share your knowledge!
That was an introduction to metadata in LARM.fm. If you would like to know more about searching and working with projects in larm.fm, please see our other tutorials.